“The voter should choose his head of government insofar as it is he who chooses his government team and draws the policy of the country,” said Thursday, March 15, 2018 academic Amine Mahfoudh.
“The last word should come back to the people on election day,” he said at a conference on “the voting system and the governance crisis in Tunisia” which came to report the shortcomings of the 2014 Constitution and the consequences of the adoption by Tunisia of a proportional voting system.
“Tunisia’s use of the proportional voting system in the last legislative elections has led to a situation of non-governance,” he said.
“This situation has harmed the political class, tarnished party reputation and weakened both the ruling coalition and the opposition,” he added.
“To remedy this situation, it is necessary to have the audacity to quickly amend the electoral law and the rules of procedure of parliament before attacking the text of the Constitution,” he said.
According to former Finance Minister Houcine Dimassi, the current political regime has cost Tunisia in the last seven years (2011 to 2017) 15 billion dinars at current prices, due to the slowdown in the pace of growth .
He also amplified the annual deficit of external payments which reached 3147 million euros during the same period against an annual deficit of 785 million euros before 2011, he added.
For Dimassi, “the crisis in Tunisia is neither financial nor economic. It is in fact a political crisis, given the absence of a majority in power capable of leading the necessary reforms and repairing the damage done “.
Present at this conference, the legal expert Sadok Belaïd pleaded for the adoption of the first-past-the-post two-round system, which, he said, is both a simple and easy vote.
“This voting system gives the elector the responsibility for his choices, unlike the list-voting system, which is like a sham democracy,” said Belaïd.
“The single-member ballot provides for a strong and lasting majority in parliament that systematically leads to the formation of a strong government,” he said.
“The revision of the voting system in force does not mean the amendment of some articles of the electoral law, but rather the establishment of a new electoral system from A to Z,” he added.
As for the scholar Haykel Ben Mahfoudh, he was in favor of adopting a mixed voting system that combines the majority voting system and the proportional voting system.
According to him, the revision of the electoral system in force must be based on the third preambular paragraph of the 2014 Constitution which calls for the establishment of a democratic and participatory republican regime.
He also deemed it essential to revise the electoral map and opt for a new electoral division.
Organized by the collective “Soumoud”, this conference should lead to a set of recommendations that will pave the way for a debate on the electoral system and the governance crisis in Tunisia.
Composed of several associations and independent national personalities, the Soumoud collective will draft a new electoral law that will be announced at the end of the next municipal elections and presented to the three presidents, political parties and national organizations in the hope that it be adopted in the next elections of 2019.