Syria is planning to import around 1.5 million tonnes of mostly Russian wheat this year, as local wheat procurement is expected at around half a million tonnes, the country’s internal trade minister said.
Imports will mostly be Russian but Syria is also looking to buy Romanian and Bulgarian wheat, Abdullah al-Gharbi told Reuters.
“We are still in the beginning of the season of local purchasing, around 20 days or so have passed from the start of it, but we see our local purchases at between 500,000 tonnes to 600,000 tonnes this year,” Gharbi said.
Gharbi also said the country had strategic wheat reserves of more than eight months.
“This is an achievement, look at neighbouring Egypt for example, they only have three months and Algeria have four,” he said.
Syria, which was once self-sufficient in wheat under a state-promoted policy, has had drastically lower production since the start of its multi-sided conflict. It used to produce 4 million tonnes of wheat in a good year and was able to export 1.5 million tonnes. The decline in output has put Bashar al-Assad’s government under increasing pressure to import the grain.
Reuters reported last week that Crimea has stepped up grain exports to Syria over the past year in an arrangement that gives the Black Sea peninsula an outlet for its surplus crops and ensures Assad has a reliable source of wheat.
Flat bread is a subsidised staple for Syrians, who have suffered under a conflict estimated to have killed several hundred thousand people and forced millions to flee their homes.
“We will not raise bread prices at all, not for the foreseeable future,” Gharbi said.
“This is a burden on the government of course especially with the higher wheat prices we pay farmers but we will continue to subsidise them,” he said.
Syria is paying its farmers 175,000 Syrian pounds ($400) per tonne and additional 30,000 pounds in transportation subsidies.
“Our prices are more than excellent, it is around $225 per tonne in Turkey, ours is almost $500,” he said.
The import gap will be fulfilled through international purchasing tenders announced by the state grain buyer, the General Establishment for Cereal Processing and Trade (Hoboob).
Hoboob has already issued a tender with a July 2 deadline for 200,000 tonnes of Russian, Romanian or Bulgarian wheat.
Hoboob has stumbled on several previous tenders, failing to buy wheat and citing high prices.
Foodstuffs are not restricted by Western sanctions on Assad’s government, but banking sanctions and asset freezes have made it difficult for some trading houses to do business with Syria. Trade with ally Russia poses fewer problems.
Gharbi said a deal with Russia to supply 3 million tonnes of wheat outside of the tender process that he had announced to Reuters in September was still underway but no wheat had arrived yet.
“We got all the agreements for this and we gave the direct order for the Russians to start the imports but we haven’t received any quantities yet,” he said.
“I think that after the harvest in Russia we will get some.”
Another deal to trade Syrian fruits and vegetables for Russian wheat was also in its final stages.
“The contracts with Russian firms for this are in their final stages,” he said.