Libya’s oil and gas production is recovering, but the country remains plagued by instability and the threat of violence. Libya’s oil output has plateaued at about 1 million barrels a day since rebounding from 260,000 barrels a day in August 2016. Production remains well below the 1.8 million that Libya pumped before the ouster and killing of former leader Muammar Qaddafi. Sporadic disruptions at major oil fields including Sharara and El-Feel have hampered the revival. In May 2018, oil fields in eastern Libya were put under maximum security alert over the threat of possible terrorist activity in the area. On a positive note, Libya resumed gas exports to Italy in May 2018, the first export of its kind in four years.