The agricultural sector contributes 10% of Algeria’s GDP and employs at least 14% of the Algerian population. Alge- ria has about 8.4 mn hectares of arable land representing roughly 3.5% of its total surface area. Algeria’s agriculture is mostly rain fed, and often su ers from drought over consecutive years. Only 12%of this arable land is irrigated. About 51% of the total arable land is dedicated to eld crops, mostly cereals and pulses, 6% to arboriculture, and 3 percent to industrial crops. About 70% of agricultural farms are of small scale with less than 10 hectares, and 80% of these farms are individual farms. The relative improvement in Algeria’s agricultural productivity in recent years is mainly attributed to an ambitious Agriculture Development Plan implemented in 2000 by the Ministry of Agricul- ture to boost agriculture development and production. In line with this program; the agricultural development strategy was re-oriented in August 2008 to re ect new policy priorities in several areas including intensi cation of agricultural production, revitalization of natural resources and improved consumption of water resources as well as food safety initiatives. The government’s vision is to orient agriculture towards intensive models particularly in the grain sector and create modern agricultural complexes to facilitate the use of public agricultural land. The Ministry of Agriculture has granted land to investors. The cultivation of this land would increase the arable land to 9 million hectares by 2020.